Assessing grain sorghum hail damage | Crops | – High Plains Journal



A pair of of the disheartening events Which will happen to a developer is to have An excellent wanting crop destroyed by a hailstorm in Simply a Jiffy. Yield loss ensuing from hail Shall be Counting on The enlargement stage of the sorghum and the depth of the storm.

Small stones might set off solely minor damage, with a few shredded or damaged leaves, the placeas greater stones can bruise And even break stalks and sorghum panicles. To make issues worse, even inside an remoted area, damage is seldom uniform requiring an evaluation of the damage in pretty a few places Contained in the sector.

Damage Launched on by hail will look horrible immediately following the event and might even look worse 48 to 72 hours later As a Outcome of the damaged tissue dies. Fortunately, grain sorghum is A very resilient and, if the damage occurs early Within the season, It might typically recuperate to The objective the place a lot of its unique yield potential Could be met. Beneath good rising circumstances, the plant will start recuperateing and new progress will probably be noticed as quickly as 72 hours following the storm. It is biggest To attend A minimal of seven days earlier than a damage evaluation, if In any respect potential. This permits enough time for damaged tissue to die and for any new progress to be observable.

The progress stage of the sorghum On the time of the storm is essential in its capability to recuperate. Sorghum’s rising level reprimarys under or shut to the soil floor As a lot as Regarding the sixth or seventh leaf stage. Which suggests For about The primary 28 days of the Lifetime of the sorghum plant, under most circumstances, sorghum will recuperate from even A very extreme hail storm that destroys A lot of the above floor portion of the plant. The plant will proceed to develop and new progress will quickly push by way of any damaged tissue That is nonetheless hooked up.

As quickly as the rising level is above The underside, then the potential for yield loss from hail damage progressively will enhance As a Outcome of the plant approaches fdecreaseing.

Three elements Want to be thought-about in assessing damage. These are % leaf defoliation, stand loss As a Outcome of of stalk damage, and direct damage to the panicle.

Percent leaf defoliation Is shut toly On A daily basis over estimated from seen scores. Be conservative, even a partially shredded leaf will nonetheless photographsynthesize if the tissue reprimarys inexperienced. The quantity of yield loss Relies upon on the sorghum progress stage and % defoliation. For event, 50% leaf defoliation On The ten leaf stage Can be anticipated To diminish yield Lower than 5%, however That very similar 50% defoliation at boot might decrease yield by as a lot as 30%.

Stand loss Could be troublesome To evaluate. The diploma of stalk bruising Want to be examined For every the place the bruise occurs on the stalk and its severity. A deep bruise (One which penetrates to The center of the stalk) is Extra probably to set off the stalk to finally die. A more minor bruise might not Finish in demise of the stalk however can Finish in lodging Afterward or stalk rot an infection. In lots of circumstances, the leaf sheath surrounding the stalk will merely be scarred and no inner bruising has happenred. In assessing stand loss, rely a plant with a deep bruise as lacking and rely one other 50% of the crops with minor bruises as lacking. Due to sorghum’s capability to tiller and regulate its Quantity of kernels per panicle, some yield compensation will happen for lacking crops if the discount in stand occurs early Within the season.

Damage to the panicle can happen from boot by way of grain fill. Estimate how a lot of the panicle has been damaged. That is relyed as direct 1-to-1 yield loss.

Always search the advice of your crop insurance coverage agent earlier than terminating a crop.

For more information see “Assessing Hail Damage” on the United Sorghum Checkoff Webpage.

Editor’s notice: Brent Bean, Ph.D., Sorghum Checkoff Director of Agronomy, Lubbock, Texas. For more information go to